Selenium and Water Management

Selenium is a naturally-occurring element that is present in rocks, soil and water. Selenium is a micro-nutrient needed by all living things. In humans, selenium has strong anti-oxidant properties and is critical for reproduction, thyroid hormone metabolism and DNA synthesis.

If the quantity or concentration of selenium gets too high in some types of animals that lay eggs, like fish and birds, it can have a negative impact on them.

Montem Resources is a steelmaking coal company in the Crowsnest Pass, Alberta.  We purchased our assets, in 2016 and are working to gain final regulatory approval to re-start mining at the Tent Mountain Mine.

Beef, poultry, oily fish, and certain nuts are all high in selenium.

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Montem Resources Alberta Operations Ltd.

7720 17 Ave

PO Box 610

Coleman, AB T0K 0M0


All rocks contain natural chemical elements and a variety of metals and non-metals, such as selenium. Selenium can be exposed during mining because the surface area of the rocks increase as the mine develops. As water flows over broken rocks they are exposed to oxygen, and selenium becomes more readily dissolved in water. Selenium may enter the aquatic environment and become more available to organisms. When it comes to mining, the objective is to keep the concentrations of selenium in water below concentrations that may cause any adverse effects. To do this, we measure and monitor selenium in the aquatic environment and determine which protection strategies are required.



Substantially reduce selenium release and subsequent concentration levels by selectively mining. For example:

  • Avoid disturbing rocks with high selenium content

  • Avoid placement of waste rock in active drainages


Reduce the risks of selenium release by water capture, backfilling waste rock in pits, and saturated zones in waste rock piles.

  • Capture mine-impacted water for storage in mine pits

  • Use saturated rock fills (submerged waste rock dumps to reduce oxidization)


Control selenium leaching and the release of selenium-enriched water by active surface water management, construction techniques, and covers that will limit water and oxygen exposure to the waste rock. These prevention strategies can reduce and potentially eliminate selenium at the source and decrease the volume of water that requires treatment. For example:

  • In-pit waste rock backfilling to reduce disturbance footprint and selenium oxidation

  • Water diversions to limit the volume of water contacting waste dumps


Remove contaminants of concern from the environment, and implement passive treatment measures such as constructed wetlands and/or bio-chemical reactors.

  • Engineered treatment systems to remove and reduce selenium from mine-impacted water

  • Engineered bio-chemical reactors that use microbes to reduce and remove selenium from water

  • Natural and constructed wetlands and pit lakes to slow water flow allowing selenium to fall out of the water and encourage the natural bio-reactor process

At Tent Mountain we will create a robust and responsible water management plan that is best suited for the site and based on a layered approach to mitigate and treat selenium.

Steelmaking Coal

Tent Mountain Mine Re-start Project

About Montem